Glossary of Terms

 

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The telecommunications and fiber industries are full of terms and acronyms. Our glossary of terms attempts to capture some of them.

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i

ILEC: See Incumbent Local Exchange Carrier.

Incumbent Local Exchange Carrier (ILEC): The dominant local phone carrier within a geographical area. Section 252 of the Telecommunications Act of 1996 defines Incumbent Local Exchange Carrier as a carrier that, as of the date of enactment of the Act, provided local exchange service to a specific area; for example, Verizon, Windstream and Frontier. In contrast, Competitive Access Providers and competitive local exchange carriers (CLECs) are companies that compete against the ILECs in local service areas.

Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN):

Interconnect: The term interconnect is used in two different ways: a) Interconnect describes the connection between a service provider and the Internet as a whole via an interconnect point. This definition is also sometimes called the "Internet backhaul" or "Backhaul." b) Interconnect describes the logical and physical infrastructure used to connect disparate participating communities.

Interexchange Carrier (IXC): A telecommunications service provider authorized by the FCC to provide interstate, long distance communications services and authorized by the state to provide long distance intrastate communications services. An Interexchange Carrier provides, directly or indirectly, interLATA or intraLATA telephone toll services. May be an individual, partnership, association, joint-stock company, trust, governmental entity or corporation engaged for hire in interstate or foreign communication by wire or radio, and between two or more exchanges. Also known as an Interexchange Common Carrier.

International Standards Organization (ISO): The body charged with developing and advertising international standards.

Internet Protocol (IP):

Internet Protocol Television (IPTV): A method of delivering television services using the Internet Protocol.

Internet Service Provider (ISP): A company that provides a connection to the public Internet, often owning and operating the Last-Mile connection to end-user locations.

Investment Gap: The amount of funding necessary to upgrade or extend existing infrastructure up to the level necessary to support the National Broadband Availability Target, which is referred to in the National Broadband Plan as the Broadband Availability Gap.

IP: See Internet Protocol.

iProvo: Municipal fiber to the premises project in Provo, Utah.

IPTV: See Internet Protocol Television.

Irrevocable Right of Use (IRU): A method of leasing fiber or other existing telecommunications assets. IRU's are typically counted as capital expenses but under some circomstances can be operational expenses.

IRU: See Irrevocable Right of Use.

ISDN: See Integrated Services Digital Network.

ISO: See International Standards Organization.

ISP: See Internet Service Provider.

IXC: See Interexchange Carrier.


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