Glossary of Terms

 

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The telecommunications and fiber industries are full of terms and acronyms. Our glossary of terms attempts to capture some of them.

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M

Mbps: See Megabit Per Second.

MDU: See Multiple Dwelling Unit.

Mean Time Between Failures (MTBF):

Megabit Per Second (Mbps or Mb/s): A measurement of data connectivity speed. As a comparison, a high definition movie with surround sound is about 8.3 GB in size. To download this size file with different technologies:

 DaysOr
Hours
Or
Minutes
Or
Seconds
 
Standard Dial-Up13.7235329.36519,761.901,185,714.356 Kbps
Fast Dial-Up12.0081288.19417,291.671,037,500.064 Kbps
T-10.512312.296737.7844,266.71.55 Mbps
Standard DSL0.25626.148368.8922,133.33 Mbps
Fast DSL0.05121.23073.784,426.715 Mbps
Fast Cable0.03840.92255.333,320.020 Mbps
100 Mbps Fiber0.00770.18411.07664.0100 Mbps
1 Gbps Fiber0.00080.0181.1166.41 Gbps

Microwave: Microwave transmission refers to the technique of transmitting information over microwave frequencies, using various integrated wireless technologies. Microwaves are short-wavelength, high-frequency signals that occupy the electromagnetic spectrum 1 GHz to roughly 300 GHz, (typically within ITU Radio Band Signal EHF) though definitions vary. This is above the radio frequency range and below the infrared range.

Mid-State Consultants: The Mid-State Consultants team has been designing telecommunications networks for nearly 40 years.

Middle Mile: Middle mile is a term most often referring to the network connection between the last mile and greater Internet. For instance, in a rural area, the middle mile would likely connect the town's network to a larger metropolitan area where it interconnects with major carriers.

MIMO: See Multiple Input Multiple Output.

Mobile Switching Center (MSC): The mobile switching center (MSC) connects the landline public switched telephone network (PSTN) system to the wireless communication system. The mobile switching center is typically split into a mobile switching center server and a media gateway, and incorporates the bearer independent call control (BICC). The MSC routes the communications to another subscribing wireless unit via a BSC/base station path or via the PSTN/Internet/other network to terminating destination.

MPLS: See Multiprotocol Label Switching.

MSC: See Mobile Switching Center.

MSO: See Multi-System Operator.

MTBF: See Mean Time Between Failures.

MTU: See Multiple Tennant Unit.

Multi-System Operator (MSO): Typically refers to a firm that owns more than one cable system, but may refer also to an operator of only one system.

Multimode Fiber:

Multiple Dwelling Unit (MDU): A building or property with multiple individual residential addresses.

Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO): An antenna technology for wireless communications in which multiple antennas are used at both the source (transmitter) and the destination (receiver). The antennas at each end of the communications circuit are combined to minimize errors and optimize data speed. MIMO is one of several forms of smart antenna technology, the others being MISO (multiple input, single output) and SIMO (single input, multiple output).

Multiple Tennant Unit (MTU): A building or property with multiple individual business addresses.

Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS): A mechanism in high-performance telecommunications networks which directs and carries data from one network node to the next. MPLS makes it easy to create "virtual links" between distant nodes. It can encapsulate packets of various network protocols.


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